Caustic Soda Uses


As its name implies, caustic soda is caustic and one of many alkaline compounds that are referred to as lye. NaOH, or pure sodium hydroxide, at room temperature is an odorless, white solid.
Caustic soda should be used with caution, as it is an alkaline corrosive that can be hazardous. When it reacts with moisture in the air, it dissolves, generating heat. This heat may cause nearby flammable materials to ignite, resulting in a fire. It should be safely stored in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place, away from oxidizing or organic materials. It should not be allowed to come into contact with metal powders or acids.

Although caustic soda is not a systemic toxin, it is however extremely corrosive and can cause severe burns to body tissues. The eyes are particularly at risk, as caustic soda is able to hydrolyze protein, which is often the cause of severe eye damage.

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Hydro chloric Acid Uses


Hydrochloric Acid is a strong mineral acid. It is highly corrosive and is used in a wide range of industrial processes.

Here are 10 uses of Hydrochloric Acid:-

To ‘pickle’ steel. This is a process whereby rust and scale is removed from steel sheet or coil with the use of a dilute solution of Hydrochloric Acid. The metal can then be processed
To manufacture organic compounds such as Vinyl Chloride and Dichloroethane which are used to produce PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride)
To regulate the pH level in a wide range of manufacturing and treatment processes including the production of drinking water, pharmaceuticals, beverages and foods
In the processing of additives for the food industry including fructose, citric acid and hydrolyzed vegetable protein
To produce inorganic compounds for water treatment including drinking water and waste water
To neutralise the water in swimming pools making it safe for bathers
To regenerate ion exchangers
To process leathers in the tanning industry
To purify common salt


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